The estimation, utilization and conservation of natural resource potential of geosystems are one of the most important problems of the present time. The sharply increasing of anthropogenic loading of the natural environment is the reason of fully disturbance of ecological balance between the society and nature bringing to increase of danger and risk in human activity.
The paper deals with evaluation of demographic sustainability in Azerbaijan Republic. For this purpose, distribution of the population, development of the human settlements, and also indicators of natural movement of the population are analyzed.
The dissertation work is devoted to the role of creative work and scientific-organizational activity of Academician B.A.Budaqov and his innovating in development of national geography and forming of its separate branches in Azerbaijan, and in training of highly qualified specialists as well.
A method for determining of the geographical coordinates of sunlight on the ocean's surface by observing from a geostationary satellite on two parameters: time tand satellite longitude,φsat, was developed.