Azerbaijan National Academy of Science

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Scientific work



The department «Landscape and landscape planning» (one-time «Landscape») has been formed in 1965. For this short term domestic researchers have done the great work.

The first head of the department was academician Budagov B.А.

At present the head of the department is doctor of geographical sciences Alizadeh Elbrus Karim  oghlu.



Research of laws of formation, development and differentiation of natural landscapes on an example of East Caucasus within the Alps-Himalaya zone.

Studying of communications of natural landscape complexes with a relief and neotectonics by landscape-geomorphological and remote sensing methods. Revealing of laws of change of modern landscapes as a result of anthropogenous loadings, their landscape-geophysical and landscape-geochemical features; landscape-ecological and ecogeomorphological risks and dangers for natural complexes; a landscape-ecological estimation of natural-anthropogenous complexes; landscape planning.



Laws of influence of neotectonic movements and relief on formation of modern landscapes and dynamics of their development are defined.

The role of Caucasian and ant Caucasian directions of morphotectonic steps limited by tectonic fractures in formation of types and subtypes of a landscape is revealed, them paleogeographical stages and laws of development are studied.

The role of mud volcanoes in morphological differentiation of landscapes is established.

The role of natural-anthropogenous factors in formation of landscapes is revealed; their influence on increase in frequency of the natural-destructive phenomena (mud flows, landslips etc.), increase of landscape-ecological risk, potential sizes of damage are established. 

On the basis of materials of remote sensing of space pictures the landscape-ecological estimation of geocomplexes is carry out and certain conclusions are received.

By results of complex landscape researches the processes of desertification, feature of their regional distribution are studied, the forecast of possible development of this dangerous phenomenon for the next 15-20 years is developed.

On the basis of etalon-indication decryption of space pictures the exodynamic conditions of intensity (morphotectonic, morphometric, exodynamic) of developments of mountain geosystems are estimated, sharp activization of exodynamic processes is revealed.

The estimation of degree of intensity and the risk, reflecting modern landscape-geomorphological ecodynamic condition of mountain geosystems is spent. Corresponding landscape-ecological and ecogeomorphological maps are prepared.

For the first time in Azerbaijan the eco-geochemical division into districts of landscapes is spent. The landscape-geochemical maps (M 1:500 000) displaying level of pollution by toxic salts and heavy metals are prepared. Correlation connection between degree of concentration of biologically active elements (Hg, Pb, Zn, As, Ci, Nn, Sc, Ag, B, etc.) and some diseases of people (a cancer, rickets, gout, an anemia, a craw, etc.) is revealed.



Budagov B.A. Modern and an ancient glaciation of the Azerbaijan part of the Major Caucasus. «Azerb.SSR», Baku, 1965 (in Russian)

Budagov B.A. Geomorphology of a southern slope of the Major Caucasus (within Azerbaijan). «Elm», Baku, 1969 (in Russian)

Budagov B.A. Geomorphology and the newest tectonics of Southeast Caucasus. «Elm», Baku, 1973 (in Russian)

Budagov B.A. Modern natural landscapes of the Azerbaijan SSR. «Elm», Baku, 1988 (in Russian)

Budagov B.A., Mikailov A.A., Development and formation of landscapes of Southeast Caucasus in connection with the newest tectonics. Baku, «Elm», 1985 (in Russian)

Mikayilov A.A. Geomorphology of Gusar inclined plain. Baku, «Elm», 1978 (in Azeri)

Alizade E.K. Morphostructure of the mountain constructions of Azerbaijan and adjacent territories. Baku, 1998 - monography (in Russian)

Alizade E.K., Tarikhazer S.A. Exomorphodynamic of the mountains relief and its estimation (on the example of the north-eastern slope of the Major Caucasus). Baku, 2010ö monography (in Russian)

Mammadov Q.Sh., Khalilov M.Y. Azerbaijan forests. Baku, “Elm”, 2002 (in Azeri)

Budagov B.A., Eyyubov A.D. Map of types of landscape and physiographic division into districts of the Azerbaijan SSR. M: 1:600 000, 1978.

Budagov B.A. Map of landscape zones. The atlas of the Azerbaijan SSR. М, 1979, p.19

Budagov B.A. Landscape map of Transcaucasia. (in co-authorship with Ukleba D.B., Museyibov M. A, Sokhadze Е.В. Bagdasaryan A.B., Aslanashvili A.F.) M. 1:1 000 000, 1983.

Budagov B.A. Map of eco-landscape division into districts of territory of the AzerbaijanRepublic. Materials of the scientifically-practical conference devoted to the dangerous natural phenomena. M 1:3 000 000, Baku, «Elm», 1994 (in Azeri)