The department was created under the initiative of academician H.A. Aliyev in 1957 under the name “Laboratory of forest soils”. Later the laboratory was transformed into one of the biggest departments of institute.
THE BASIC DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCHES AND THE THEME
During 50 years the department is engaged in studying of degradation of forest and arid soils, interrelation in system "forest-soil". In Pirqulu permanent establishment problems of biogeocenosis under the International Program «Human and Biosphere» are studied.
THE BASIC RESULTS AND ACHIEVEMENTS
The soil cover of a forest zone of Azerbaijan and the territories exempted from forest was investigated, the large-scale maps are made.
On a basis biogeocenotic researches the interrelation in system a "soil-plant" in stationary and semi stationary conditions was investigated.
Directions of degradation processes of arid soils were determined. On the basis of long-term parameters and efficiency of agricultural plants a degree of degradation and speed of process were investigated.