İNSTİTUTE OF GEOGRAPHY

Azerbaijan National Academy of Science

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12 July 2013

staff Pirgulu station on geographical researches

Gulaliyev Chingiz Gulaly oghlu - 1954, Head of the Department of “Pirgulu Station on Geographical Researcher”, candidate of agricultural sciences.

Sphere of scientific researcher: Investigation in laboratory and field conditions the soils distributed in the republic, vegetation, changes taking place in atmosphere, hydrophysical (moisture peculiarities, potential pressure of soil moisture, moisture regime), heat-physical (heat regime, heat capacity, coefficient of heat assimilation, coefficient of temperature conductivity and heat conductivity) and electrophysical (coefficient of special electro conductivity, dielectrical penetration, tangent of loss angle, stationary electrical area, special electrical resistance) features depending on effecting factors (soil density, degree of moisture, zones of specific of soils, electrical frequency of area, physico-chemical composition of soils and so on!

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Number of scientific publications: more than 90 scientific articles, including 2 monographs (in co-authorship) and one booklet.

 

Ismayilov Abbas Suleyman oghlu - 1969, junior scientific worker

 

Aliyeva Chichek Muhammad gyzy - 1972, engineer

 

Aliyeva Gulnaz Muhammad gyzy  - 1972, senior laboratory assistant

 

Latifov Hazi Pirverdi oghlu – 1958, laboratory assistant

 

Latifova Rena Hafiz gyzy – 1966, laboratory assistant

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Pirgulu station on geographical researches

 History

The Pirgulu Station on the geographical investigations was founded on the initiative of Acad. H.A. Aliyev in 1970 for the purpose of studying of soil geography as one of the basic research directions of the Institute of Geography. At first it was formed in the territory of Pirgulu reservation as stationary research point, subsequently it received the department status.

The first lead of station was doctor of agricultural science Hasanov Khudaverdi Hasan oghlu.

Since 1994 the head of department is candidate of agricultural science Gulaliyev Chingiz Gulaly oghlu.

Directions of Researcher and Themes

Investigation in laboratory and field conditions of soils, vegetation, changes taking place in atmosphere, hydrophysical (peculiarities of moisture, potential influence of soil moisture, moisture regime), heat-physical (heat regime, heat capacity, coefficient of heat assimilation, coefficient of temperature conductivity and heat conductivity) and electrophysical (coefficient of special electro conductivity, dielectrical penetration, tangent of loss angle, stationary electrical area, special electrical resistance) features depending on effecting factors (soil density, degree of moisture, zones of specific of soils, electrical frequency of area, physico-chemical composition of soils and so on).

Basic Scientific Results and Achievement

Beginning from the first day of its foundation in the Pirgulu Station under the head of H.A. Aliyev was carried out the researcher on interrelations in the system of “soil-frost-atmosphere”, at the same time, within the frames of international programme “Man and Biosphere” on components of first biocenoses, including the problem of interrelations between the first vegetation and soil cover.

On the basis of principle of vertical was obtained an empiric dependence between the hydrophysical, heat-physical and electro-physical features of soils and moisture and granulometric composition of soils.

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staff Cartography and geographical information

Azizov Shamil Kamil oghlu – 1954, 25.00.23 – “Physical geography and biogeography, geography of soils, geophysics and geochemistry of landscapes”, candidate of geographical sciences, leading scientific worker.

Scientific interests: compiling of maps of natural components; analysis of thematic naps and atlases; generalization of landscape maps, study of separate problems of landscape mapping and morphometry; compiling of landscape-ecological and toponymic maps and so on.

Now finishes the monograph under the name “Research of landscapes by a cartographical method”.   

Author of more than 50 scientific works.

 

Abbasova Mahira Akbar gyzy – 1947, 25.00.24 – “Toponymics”, PhD on geography, scientific worker.

Main scientific achievements: There are special merits in studying of toponymy of Azerbaijan. The results of her researches on geographical names of Azerbaijan are used in compiling of physic-geographical, toponymical, politic-administrative and special toponymic maps.

Author of more than 20 scientific works and one monograph.

 

Mammadova Khanym Iskander gyzy – 1934, scientific worker.

Main scientific achievements: take part in compiling of thematic maps in different scales and contents. She carried out analysis of geographical names.

Author of a number of scientific works.

 

Mirzazade Ofeliya Yahya gyzy – 1943, scientific worker.

Main scientific achievements: take part in compiling, designing and analysis of maps in different scales and contents.

She is compilers-designers of physical, landscape-ecological maps and one of the authors of toponymic maps of administrative regions of Azerbaijan.

She carried out translation works in high level.

 

Mammadova Irade Abdulagha gyzy – 1959, scientific worker.

Main scientific achievements: She is one of the executors of scientific-research works on toponymics.

At present she takes part in studying of the systematization of geographical names of certain regions of the republic, in compiling of toponymic glossary.

 

Rahimova Almaz Sabir gyzy – 1971, scientific worker.

Scientific interests: compiling of physical-geographical maps of certain administrative regions of Azerbaijan. Editing and alteration in maps and atlases, toponymic systematization of geographical names of regions of Azerbaijan.

 

Mammadova Flora Vahid gyzy – 1966, scientific worker.

Author of 11 scientific works.

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Cartography and geographical information

HISTORY

The department of Cartography and Geographical Information is one of the first departments in the structure of the Institute of Geography named after acad. H.A. Aliyev, ANAS. It was formed in 1945.

In 1973 a department called “Geographical names (Toponymic)” was formed in the Institute of geography, ANAS for the first time. The department was headed by a distinguished toponymist-researcher R.M. Yuzbashov.

In 1987 two departments (“Cartography” and “Toponymics”) were united, and then the department of “Cartography and Geographical Names” was formed.

Since 2008 the department has been acting under the name of “Cartography and Geographical Information”.

The department was headed in different times by:

Doctor of technical sciences N.I. Shlepnev – 1945-1950

Candidate of geographical sciences V.G. Zavriyev – 1950-1958

Candidate of geographical sciences Sh.D. Aliyev – 1958-1975

Candidate of geographical sciences Sh.G. Damirgayayev – 1975-1984

Candidate of geographical sciences I.E. Mardanov 1984-2011

 

DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCHES AND THEMES

 -       Maps of different thematic (physical-geographical, natural components, population, economical and so on) and training maps for higher educational establishments, secondary schools are compiled; complex, thematic and training atlases are prepared;

-       Generalization of landscape complexes, their dynamics and forecasting with applying of cartographic methods are studied;

-       Works on enriching of toponymic fund of republic, compiling of toponymic glossary and maps are carried out;

-       Toponymy of the republic is studied on regions;

-       The department takes part in the work of Toponymic Commission attached to the Milli Mejlis of the Azerbaijan Republic.

 

MAIN SCIENTIFIC RESULTS AND ACHIEVEMENTS

-       Maps with different thematics (physical-geographical, natural components, population, economical and so on), at the same time the maps for higher educational establishments and schools, complex thematic and training atlases were compiled;

-       Complex, thematic and training atlases are published;

-       Historical and cartographic analyses the maps of the Caspian Sea (up to XIX century) were given;

-       Generalization, peculiarities of landscape structures were studied on the bases of large and middle scale landscape maps;

-       Landscape-ecological maps were compiled;

-       Toponymic glossary and toponymic fund of Azerbaijan were compiled;

-       Geographical terms of Azerbaijan were studied;

-       Toponymy of the region of Major Caucasus and Absheron were studied;

-       Toponymic maps of separate regions of Azerbaijan were compiled at the results of toponymic studies.

 

LITERATURE

  1. Географический атлас Азербайджанской ССР. Институт географии АН Азербайджана. Баку, 1949, 1958;
  2. Комплексный географический атлас Азербайджана.  Баку-Москва, 1963;
  3. Атлас Азербайджанской ССР. М., 1979;
  4. Географический атлас Азербайджанской Республики. Баку, 1996;
  5. Учебная физическая карта Азербайджанской ССР. Баку, 1949;
  6. Административная карта Азербайджанской ССР. Баку, 1951, 1952, 1955;
  7. Физическая карта Азербайджанской ССР для средней школы 1958, 1966;
  8. Карта агроклиматического районирования Азербайджана. М. 1:600 000, 1976;
  9. Климатическая карта Азербайджанской Республики. М. 1:600 000, 1977:
  10. Карта населения Азербайджана. М.1:600 000, 1978;
  11. Карта охраны почв и эрозии Азербайджанской Республики: М. 1:600 000, 1978;
  12. Атлас теплового баланса Азербайджанской Республики. М., 1978;
  13. Агроклиматический атлас Азербайджанской Республики. М., 1994;
  14. Орографическая карта Азербайджанской Республики. М. 1:600 000, Баку, 2006;
  15. Азербайджанская Республика. Физическая карта. М. 1:600 000, Баку, 1988, 2011;
  16. Юзбашов Р.М. Географические термины Азербайджана (исследования). Баку, 1966;
  17. Алиев Ш.Дж. Исторические карты Каспийского моря. Баку, «Элм», 1973;
  18. Аббасова М.А. Топонимия юго-восточной части Большого Кавказа. Баку, 1993;
  19. Топонимы Азербайджана. Энциклопедический словарь. Баку, 1993;
  20. Алиев Ш.Дж. Исторический обзор и анализ карт Каспийского моря до начала XIX в.
  21. Административные карты территории  Азербайджана и их изменения за период 1813-1970 гг. Статьи. Баку, 2007.

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Center of Caspian Sea problems

HISTORY

The center was founded in 1957 with the aim of complex study of the Caspian Sea and rational utilization of its resources. In 1958 the department of “Caspian Sea” was given small tonnage expeditional ship “Truzhenik” by the Institute of Oceanology of the former USSR and it was placed at the Caspian scientific Research Station (CSRS), in Pirallhy Island (now). In September 1966 the Department of “Caspian Sea” was enlarged and transformed into Sector on Problems of the Caspian Sea at the Institute of Geography, Academy of Science of the Azerbaijan SSR. At that time the number of department and laboratory reached to six. The total number of collaborators of the Sector reached to 126 persons. The professional scientific researchers were carried out on hydrometeorology of oil-gas bearing regions of the Caspian Sea – currents, temperature, ice, warm and wind regimes, surface evaporation, radiation and water balances. The research works were devoted mainly to the study of influence of level sinking of the Caspian Sea on the fishery, marine transport and oil industry. Then a number of serious works on the studying of ecological conditions of Baku bay, dynamics of Caspian coasts and turbulent- convective exchange were carried out. Bringing the Sector to the International Geophysical Programme, carrying out the measuring of age old sizes and creating of scientific data bank are of very interesting moments. The data net was alike a whole institute, but it had not an official status. In 1971 within the frames of Programme of UNEP of the UNO began the realization of international project “Investigation of Global Atmospheric Processes”. Within the frame of the programme in 1972 as a result of joint forces the Institute of Geography of the Azerbaijan AS, Institute of Oceanology and Atmosphere of the USSR AS and Institute of Radiophysics of the Ukraine AS was created a marine observatory on stationary basis in the open part of the Caspian Sea for the first time in the world.

For carrying out the planned scientific research works were drawn in the going specialists will physico-mathematical and technical bias. So, a new period began in investigation of the Caspian Sea in Azerbaijan. The works in marine observatory were devoted to the study of interactions of atmosphere and sea wave and wind regimes; investigation of turbulence and eddy diffusion by the help of static and spectral methods; working out their result by polyemppric models.

At present 24 collaborators works at the department, 21 of which are scientific workers, 1 doctor of sciences, 1 corresponding member of the ANAS, 4 candidates of sciences. Since 1989 the department in headed by corresponding member R.M. Mammadov.

Scientific Directions

Hydrology of the Caspian Sea, Meteorology, problem of level fluctuation, dynamics and geomorphology of coasts, ecological state and conditions.

Revealing the regime of pollution sources of the Azerbaijan zone of Caspia, study the influence of morphometric and hydro meteorological factors on their distribution, creation of complex physico-geographical model their distribution in Caspia, change in space and in time of surface waves and drive in-drive away processes, investigation of the geomorphology of coasts and bottom of Caspia.

Results

Studied the statistic and spectral characteristics of large-scale marine turbulence in the open part of the Caspian Sea; revealed the general reguliarition of diffusion and distribution of pollutants in the sea; for known state of speed and direction of wind on the surface of sea and heat current of sea surface were worked out a polyemppric model for defining of upper quasi-uniform temperature layer.

Created unstationary model on the interaction of sea and atmosphere for known state of known direction of wind speed on the surface of sea;

In a large diapason was studied the influence of changeability of hydrophysical parameters of the pollutants diffusion in Caspia;

In different hydrometeorological conditions taking into account of morphometry of day and configuration of coastal line was worked out a physico-geographical model of diffusion of pollutants; Studying the reason of level changes, determining the degree of influence of affecting factors on it, is given long term prognosis of its first approaching.

Compiled and published a complex hydrometeorological atlas of the Caspian Sea. Investigated the time and space of distribution of pollutants of the Caspian Sea; Studied the geomorphology of coasts of bottom in different state of level; Estimated the social-economic damages in Azerbaijan coastal zone as a result of level rising.

Last years the department was participant and head of about 10 international projects concerning to the Caspian Sea, received some grants from international funds.

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staff Ecogeography

Aliyev Anvar Abbas oghlu – 1951, candidate of geographical sciences, assistant professor. Head of the department.

Scientific interests: agroecology, studies of soils, their rational utilization, scientific elaboration of measures on solution of ecogeographical problems of the republic.

Author of more than 32 scientific works.

 

Aliyeva Adila Altay qyzy – 1958, candidate of geographical sciences, leading scientific worker.

Scientific interests: basic ecogeographical problems andprotection of landscape components.

Author of 53 scientific works.

 

Tahirov Aghasaf Yusif oghlu – 1948,11.00.05 – “Biogeography and geography of soils”, candidate of geographical sciences, seniorscientific worker.

Scientific interests: study of interrelation of soil and vegetable covers, questions of their protection, ecogeographical problems of different regions of the republic.

Author of 50 scientific works.

 

Guliyev Iltifat Ibrahim oghlu – 1954, scientific worker.

Scientific interests: studying of a history of research of questions of preservation of the environment in republic.

Author of 5 scientific works

 

Tahirova Beyukkhanim Asadulla qyzy – 1948, junior scientific worker.

Scientific interests: investigation of basic ecogeographical problems, protection questions of water resources.

Author of 15 scientific works.

 

 Rzayeva Gulkhar Eyvaz gyzy – 1965, junior scientific worker.

Scientific interests: basic ecogeographical problems, questions of pollution of atmosphere and its protection.

Author of 17 scientific works.

 

Imanova Gulsara Askar gyzy – 1959, junior scientific worker.

Main directions of activities: basic ecogeographical problems of landscapes and their protection.

Author of 17 scientific works.

 

Ismayilova Raya Mammadhuseyn gyzy – 1949, junior scientific worker.

Main directions of activities: analyses of polluted waters in republic and their protection problems.

Author of 12 scientific works.

 

Allahyarova Gulnar Nuru gyzy – 1986, junior scientific worker.

Main directions of activities: natural and anthropogenic transformation of landscapes and their protection.

Author of 5 scientific works.

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Ecogeography

HİSTORY

The department was founded at the Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR on the initiative of academician H.A. Aliyev in 1969.

It began its activities at the first department of “Protection of Nature” in the system of Academy of Sciences of the former USSR.

The first head of the department was Professor A.J. Eyubov, and then it was headed by corresponding members of the AS of Azerbaijan K.A. Alekberov, Sh.B. Khalilov.

 

DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCHES AND THEMES

 Elucidation of ecogeographical state of region of the Azerbaijan Republic; natural and anthropogenic factors exerting influence on its degradation, elaboration of scientific- practical proposals on improvement of ecogeographical conditions.

 

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staff Geography of land resources of Azerbaijan

 

Guliyev Ismayil Ahliman oghlu – 1953, 06.01.04 – “Agricultural chemistry”, candidate of agricultural sciences, senior scientific worker. Head of department.

The main scientific achievements:  The negative influence of waster of mining enterprises of Armenia on ecology of the Azerbaijan Republic was studied for the first time and given economic evaluation of exerted damage.

The directions of degradation processes of arid soils of south and south-east regions of Caucasus were determined and compiled a map of degradation.

Author of more than 48 scientific works.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Torpaqlardan səmərəli istifadə yolları və kompleks təbiəti mühafizə tədbirləri. Coğrafiya İnstitutunun əsərləri, Bakı, “Elm”, 1990, s. 181 (in Azeri)
  2. Azərb. Resp.texnogen çirklənmiş torpaqların yonca və üzüm bitkilərində ağır metalların miqdarı. II Ümumittifaq konfransı materialları, Minsk, 1991, s. 78 (in Azeri)
  3. Suvarılan torpaqların texnogen yolla çirklənməsi. Ümumittifaq konfransı materialları, Moskva, “Elm” 1988, s. 113 (in Azeri)
  4. Qobustan fiziki-coğrafi rayonu ərazisində boz-qəhvəyi (şabalıdı) torpaqların antropogen deqradasiyasının bəzi xüsusiyyətləri. Azərbaycan Coğrafiya Cəmiyyətinin əsərləri, X cild, Bakı, 2006, səh. 179-185 (in Azeri)

 

Mirzoyev Shamo Ismayil oghlu – 1938, 03.00.27 – “Soil science”, candidate of agricultural sciences, leading scientific worker.

 The main scientific achievements:  Compiled of map on forest soils of southern slope of Minor Caucasus on scale 1:25 000, 1:50 000.

Classification of forest soils, their genesis, some questions of biological rotation of “soils-forest”.

Author of more than 40 scientific works and one monograph.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Kiçik Qafqazın cənub-şərq yamaclarında meşə torpaqlarının bəzi genetik və coğrafi xüsusiyyətləri. Bakı, 1990, s. 4
  2. Torpaqların əmələgəlmə şəraiti və genetik tipləri. Bakı, 1996, s. 10
  3. Kiçik Qafqazın cənub şərq yamaclarında əsas xüsusiyyətləri. №3, Bakı, 2007
  4. Kiçik Qafqazın cənub şərq yamaclarında əsas meşə tiplərinin töküntüsünün kimyəvi tərkibi. Yer elmləri bölməsi №3, 2006
  5. Həkəriçay hövzəsinin dağ-meşə torpaqları və onların səmərəli istifadə edilməsi (monoqrafiya) Bakı “Elm” 1979.

 

Salmanova Tahira Mammad Pasha gyzy – 1951, 03.00.27 – “Soil science”, candidate of agricultural sciences, senior scientific worker.

Author of 38 scientific works.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Torpaq örtüyünün formalaşmasında iştirak edən ekoloji faktor. «Faşizm üzərində qələbədə Azərbaycanın rolu». Bakı, 2005, s. 9-14
  2. Abşeron yarımadası təbii sərvətlərinin istifadəsinin ekoloji problemləri. «Həsən Əliyevin anadan olmasının 100 illiyinə həsr olunmuş» Azərbaycan Respublikasının ekologiya və təbii sərvətlər nazirliyi. Bakı, 2007, s. 237-239
  3. Böyük Qafqazın cənub-şərq zonasının arid torpaqlarında humusun toplanmasının ekoloji şəraiti. Torpaqşünaslıq və Aqrokimya İnstitutun əsərləri. XVIII cild. Bakı, 2008

 

Azizova Nazaket Ahmad gyzy – 1951, chemist, scientific worker.

Author of 26 scientific works.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Tullantı suların misdən təmizlənməsi. MŞ №1583358 SSRİ İxtiralar bülleteni, 1990.
  2. Kiçik Qafqazın çimli dağ-çəmən torpaqları və onlardan səmərəli istifadə edilməsi yolları, Xəbərlər, Yer elmləri,  Bakı, 2001

 

Rustamova Almaz Mirzahasan gyzy – 1952, geochemist, scientific worker.

Author of more than 20 scientific works.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Böyük Qafqazın cənub yamaclarında yerləşən sahələrin ekoloji geokimyəvi xüsusiyyətləri “BDU” Xəbərlər №3, Bakı, 2000 (şərikli).

 

Heydarova Ruhangiz Mukhtar gyzy – 1962, scientific worker.

Author of 15 scientific works and one book.

The name of the basic scientific works:

  1. Böyük Qafqazın dağətəyi arid meşə torpaqlarının ekoloji xüsusiyyəti. Bakı, 2001

 

Nasirova Chichak Abbas gyzy – 1961, chemist-biologist, scientific worker.

Author of more than 10 scientific works.

 

Mammadova Gulshan Ismayil gyzy – 1940, geographer, junior scientific worker.

 

Aghazade Aygun Habil gyzy – 1952, geographer, junior scientific worker.

 

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Geography of land resources of Azerbaijan

HISTORY

 The department was created under the initiative of academician H.A. Aliyev in 1957 under the name “Laboratory of forest soils”. Later the laboratory was transformed into one of the biggest departments of institute.

 

THE BASIC DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCHES AND THE THEME

 During 50 years the department is engaged in studying of degradation of forest and arid soils, interrelation in system "forest-soil". In Pirqulu permanent establishment problems of biogeocenosis under the International Program «Human and Biosphere» are studied.

  

THE BASIC RESULTS AND ACHIEVEMENTS

 The soil cover of a forest zone of Azerbaijan and the territories exempted from forest was investigated, the large-scale maps are made.

On a basis biogeocenotic researches the interrelation in system a "soil-plant" in stationary and semi stationary conditions was investigated.

Directions of degradation processes of arid soils were determined. On the basis of long-term parameters and efficiency of agricultural plants a degree of degradation and speed of process were investigated.

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staff Palaeogeography

Tagiyeva Yelena Nikolayevna – 1959, 25.00.25 – “Geomorphology and evolutionary geography”, Doctor of geographical sciences, leading scientific worker, acting head of the department.

Scientific interests: Palaegeography, palaeecology of the territories of Azerbaijan and Caucasus in Cainozoe; influence on the vegetation cover by man settled in Azerbaijan; spores and pollen specters in the moun­tainous territories of Azerbaijan; restoration of climatic conditions of the past centuries on the basis of vegetation cover; change of vegetation cover because of anthropogenic factors last 50 years.

The dissertation work titled "Evolution of climate and vegetation cover of Azerbaijan in the Cainozoe" has been defended and presented to the Highest Examination Board of the Azerbaijan Republic.

She has taken part in the work of a number of republican and international conferences with scientific papers.

Author of more than 80 scientific works. Her scientific works have been published in Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, etc.

 

Veliyev Seyran Suleiman oghlu – 1950, 25.00.25 – “Geomorphology and evolutionary geography”, doctor of geographical sciences, chief scientific worker.

Scientific  interests: palaegeographical conditions of the territory of Azerbaijan in the Quaternary Ages; palaegeographical and palae-ecological conditions of the Caspian Sea in the Quaternary Ages; settling of pal eolith human beings in Azykh cave; fluctuations of the level of the Caspian Sea; climatic changes at the territory of Azerbaijan in the Quaternary Ages.

The doctorate dis­sertation work titled "Palaegeography of Azerbaijan and adjoining territories in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene" was defended by him in 1994.

 The papers have been read by him in a number of international scientific conferences and symposiums.

Author more than 150 scientific and 600 popular works. His works have been published in Russia, Baltic and Georgian republics.

 

Khalilova Ulviyya Anvar gyzy – 1969, scientific worker.

Scientific interests: Paleogeography.

A candidate dissertation work titled "Paleolandscapes of Azerbaijan in Eopleistocene and Early Pleistocene" is ready to be defended.

Author of 10 scientific works.

 

Aliyev Alyar Islam oghlu – 1947, scientific worker.

 Scientific interests: paleogeography.

 All graphic works of the department are carried out by him.

Author of 11 scientific works.

 

Gashamova Ramina Ramiz gyzy – 1986

She is a computer operator.

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