Azerbaijan National Academy of Science

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The Pirgulu Station on the geographical investigations was founded on the initiative of Acad. H.A. Aliyev in 1970 for the purpose of studying of soil geography as one of the basic research directions of the Institute of Geography. At first it was formed in the territory of Pirgulu reservation as stationary research point, subsequently it received the department status.

The first lead of station was doctor of agricultural science Hasanov Khudaverdi Hasan oghlu.

Since 1994 the head of department is candidate of agricultural science Gulaliyev Chingiz Gulaly oghlu.

Directions of Researcher and Themes

Investigation in laboratory and field conditions of soils, vegetation, changes taking place in atmosphere, hydrophysical (peculiarities of moisture, potential influence of soil moisture, moisture regime), heat-physical (heat regime, heat capacity, coefficient of heat assimilation, coefficient of temperature conductivity and heat conductivity) and electrophysical (coefficient of special electro conductivity, dielectrical penetration, tangent of loss angle, stationary electrical area, special electrical resistance) features depending on effecting factors (soil density, degree of moisture, zones of specific of soils, electrical frequency of area, physico-chemical composition of soils and so on).

Basic Scientific Results and Achievement

Beginning from the first day of its foundation in the Pirgulu Station under the head of H.A. Aliyev was carried out the researcher on interrelations in the system of “soil-frost-atmosphere”, at the same time, within the frames of international programme “Man and Biosphere” on components of first biocenoses, including the problem of interrelations between the first vegetation and soil cover.

On the basis of principle of vertical was obtained an empiric dependence between the hydrophysical, heat-physical and electro-physical features of soils and moisture and granulometric composition of soils.